Full Contact Sparring
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FULL CONTACT SPARRING - Condensed version
The contact division is individual event, by weight and grade. A competitor may fight in a heavier division than his/her own weight determines. Fingernails and toenails must be cut short. Groin guards are compulsory for males, and mouthguards are compulsory for all. Breast protectors are optional for women, but may not cover the sternum or the solar plexus. Attacks to the head and face using hands are prohibited. However, attacks to these areas with the legs and feet are permitted. The technical or tournament committee of the day shall resolve any situation not defined in the rules on the day. This judgment will be final.
In the event of an injury to a competitor, the wearing of bandages or other protective materials is at the absolute discretion of the head referee or head arbitrator of the competition, whose decision shall be final and binding upon the competitors. In principle, no support bandages or tape shall be worn in the first round, and thereafter at the discretion of the doctor. Female competitors may, if they so wish, use a single wrapping of tape around the knuckles as approved by the referee.
CRITERIA FOR DECISION
The winner shall be determined on two points or, at the end of the bout, one point or by judges decision.
TWO POINT WIN:
- With the exception of techniques which are fouls and not allowed by the contest rules, any technique that connects and downs the opponent for longer than 3 seconds, scores two points.
- When the contestant informs the referee and judges that he is beaten as the result of techniques allowed within the contest rules, his opponent shall be awarded two points.
- A serious foul by, or the disqualification of, a contestant will automatically give the other contestant the win in a contest.
ONE POINT WIN:
Where a contestant is knocked down by a technique allowed within the contest rules and regains a standing position within 3 seconds one point can be awarded to his opponent. The downed opponent will be allowed to continue with the contest only if in the opinion of the referee he or she is fit to do so. This will be after consultation with the doctor/first aid personnel, at the referee's discretion.
When an opponent is downed with any legal technique (including foot sweeps and a well focused butnon-contact hand-technique follow-through), a single point is awarded.
A point may be awarded for a technique (within the contest rules) that does not down an opponent, but clearly incapacitates him/her, or renders him/her unable to defend himself.
When no definite points have been scored, the judges may award a win by decision on the basis of superior technique, technical skill and fighting spirit.
PROHIBITED ACTS AND TECHNIQUES
- Any attack to the opponent's head, face, neck with the open hand, fist or any part of the arm. Except in exceptional circumstances, this will merit an automatic disqualification.
- Kicks to the groin, head thrusts, or head butts.
- Kicks to any part of the knee joint.
- Knee kicks whilst grabbing with both hands.
- Elbow strikes to any part of the opponent's back.
- Striking or kicking an opponent who has been downed, unless the attack or strike immediately follows the sweep or downing technique, in which case contact is not allowed.
- Making an attack from the floor after having been downed by the opponent, (this should not be confused with an opponent defending himself while on the floor).
- Grabbing or holding an opponent or his uniform.
- Failing to obey the referee's instructions during a bout.
- Any other techniques or practices that the referee of the contest shall decide is improper or unfair.
- Frequently retreating from or out of the contest area or moves that waste time.
- Pushing the opponent with the open hand.
- Persistent bad behaviour or violence.
- Contestants who arrive late for bouts or who fail to appear at all.
- Contestants who refuse to engage in combat during a match after 3 calls by the referee.
- Physical disability arising during the tournament shall allow a contestant to withdraw after examination and verification of the injury by the tournament physician or other medical staff. The decision is final.
- Other acts which are deemed to violate the rules of the match.
FOULS AND DISQUALIFICATION
When a contestant is about to, or has already, committed a prohibited act, the referee shall give a warning or announce a foul.
The Penalty Points structure is as follows:
- First Point Penalty
- Second Point Penalty
- Third Point Penalty = Disqualification
Penalties may be escalated to Full Points or Disqualification, depending on the offence. This will usually involve a majority agreement among the judges.